South Johnstone strike, 1929. Responses to strikes, such as that in South Johnstone during 1929, rapidly polarised workers according to their ethnic background.

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Queensland sugarcane fields were riven with ethnic divisions between Anglo-Celts and migrants with non-English speaking backgrounds from southern Europe.

Jean Devanny, Sugar Heaven

“Organisation is for the purpose of developing the latent talents of the women. See how we live! Nothing uplifting about our lives is there? We’ve got no objective. We live and breed and die. Life isn’t meant to be like that. Life is meant for joy and expansion and objective living. I think it’s the job of women to rear a race of young who will live better lives than we live; who will be able to create a better world than we, their elders, have been able to create. It’s not a question of what women can do; it is what can’t they do?

1 January 1936
2 September 2010
2 September 2010
246, 298
Redback Press

Carole Ferrier, ‘Jean Devanny: Romantic Revolutionary, Journal of Australian Studies, nos 54-55, 1997

Nicole Moore, ‘Remember love and struggle?: reading Jean Devanny's Sugar Heaven in contemporary Australian contexts’, Australian Literary Studies, v21, no3, May 2004

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