Advertisement for the drapery store Calile Malouf & Sons, located at Adelaide Street, Brisbane City, from Courier Mail, 20 December 1933, p18
Calile Malouf & Sons Drapery, located in Adelaide Street, Brisbane, c1910. In 1923 Michael Calile Malouf who described himself as being of 'Syrian nationality, born at Mount Lebanon in Syria and resident 30 years in Australia' and residing in South Brisbane applied for naturalisation.
Elien George's wagonette, c1900. Elien began hawking in the Rockhampton district in the 1890s. This wagonette advertised his 'Drapery & Fancy Goods, Boots & Shoes'.

The Lebanese community in Queensland began as a small relatively segregated group.

Serviette from the Elite Cafe, Bundaberg run by Lathouras Bros, c1940. The serviette advertised 'Dainty Refreshments, Pure Fruit Drinks and Malted Milk (All Flavours)' and was typical of the Greek Cafes found in every Queensland town. Collection of the Centre for the Government of Queensland.

Toowoomba, Cunnamulla, Maryborough, Muttaburra ... from busy coastal cities to one-street settlements in the far west and tropical north, every town in Queensland had a Greek café.

Queensland Royal Mail Steamers, London Emigration pamphlet, c1890. Note the route from London through the Suez Canal direct to Queensland. Courtesy Fryer Library, University of Queensland
Sugar planting in Queensland, Emigration pamphlet, The Times London, c1890 Courtesy Fryer Library, University of Queensland

The Flying Cloud made voyages to Queensland carrying immigrants between 1863-1870, from painting by J. Spurling, c1865, Collection John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland

Collection John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland image 12815


‘Queensland was established as a distinct Colony in 1859, under Sir G Bowen as first Governor. Area 678,000 sq. miles, or six times as large as Great Britain, of this about 195,000 sq. miles is occupied by pastoral stations. Pop (1861) 30, 059 (1864) 61,372. Immigrants from Britain (1862) 8573. In 1864 colonists arrived at the rate of 300 per week. Capital Brisbane, Pop (1861) 4225, (1864) 12,000. Imports (1862) £1,330,225. Exports £769,742. Wool exported (1860) 5,007,167 lbs. Value £444,188. Amount of Cotton grown in year ending 31 Dec 1863 – 34,000 lbs.

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